You may have heard a lot of terminology surrounding the domain names market, and you may not be sure exactly what it means, so we’re going to go over a few of the most common terms you’re likely to hear.
Appraisal: Appraisal in the domain world is the same as in other industries – it is the process of valuing a domain – deciding how much it is worth.
Domain Name: This is the actual domain name itself – the web address you type into your browser, for example yoursite.com
DNS / Domain Name servers: Also refered to as DNS servers, these are special servers which tell your internet browser where to go to find the website which is hosted on a domain name.
Web Host: This is a server, much like your computer at home which is housed in a special building and is designed to store websites in order to let people on the internet look at them
IP Address: This is like a street address, for servers (See web host above) that the DNS server (also above) tells your web browser to look at to see the website you’re looking for.
DNS Propagation: This is a process which involves all of the main Domain Name Servers across the world talking to each other to make sure they all have the same list of IP addresses for every website.
Registrant: This is the person who has registered the domain name, and is classed as the owner of the domain name for the amount of time which they have paid for. This can be anything from 1 year, to 10s of years if they renew every time their registration period is coming to an end
Domain Registration: This is the process of buying a domain name to use for your website. Once you’ve paid for a domain it will be considered registered.
Domain Registrar: A domain registrar is a company who sells domain names to the general public for a period of time.
Domain Renewal: When a domain name is due to expire (that is, get to the end of the term which it was registered for) it will be offered to the current owner for them to pay for additional years of registration, if they do not take up the offer the domain will expire. Registering Expired domains is then possible, as the previous owner is no longer in control of the domain.
Subdomain: A subdomain is basically an addition to a domain name which allows you to point part of the domain at a different website, or host your own seperate website on a subdomain. For example, yourdomain.com is the domain name, something.yourdomain.com is a subdomain.
TLD: A TLD, or Top Level Domain is the last part of a domain name (after the name itself, behind the last dot) for example com, net, org.
WHOIS: This is a lookup (or the database itself which is looked up) of a database which holds all of the information about domain names, you can do a whois on a particular domain name and find out information such as when it was registered, when it expires, and who registered the domain name (where available)